Complex Bypass Surgery for Multiple Fusiform Aneurysms, Including a Thrombosed Giant Aneurysm of the Middle Cerebral Artery

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Treatment of complex middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms are challenging; however, an appropriate surgical strategy can ensure favorable outcomes. Notably, a protective bypass strategy is essential to treat complex aneurysms and involves the creation of a bypass channel distal to the aneurysm before repairing it. A protective bypass enables the surgeon to establish adequate distal blood flow during the approach to the aneurysm, as well as during additional revascularization.

This Video 1 describes complex bypass surgery that successfully treated multiple fusiform aneurysms, including a thrombosed giant aneurysm of the MCA

A 12-year-old girl presented with a history of chronic headache and incidentally diagnosed multiple fusiform aneurysms along the course of the right internal carotid artery to the MCA, including a thrombosed giant aneurysm of the M2 segment of the MCA (M2) superior trunk. The aneurysms were treated by trapping and excision along with a superficial temporal artery to MCA triple bypass, and an M2-radial artery graft-M2 bypass. The patient developed mild left hemiparesis postoperatively but recovered well and was discharged with a modified Rankin Scale score of 0. The pathophysiology of this patient should be different from common saccular aneurysm because of young age and multiple fusiform shape. Hence continuous follow-up is essential. The next surgical strategy should be reconsidered according to the situation if the recurrence is occurred.

This surgical video shows the surgical strategy and stepwise procedure to treat complex aneurysms and will be useful to vascular neurosurgeons to devise a surgical approach utilizing a “protective bypass strategy.”

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